- Choosing The Right Tire
- Pre-Ride Inspection
- Proper Inflation Pressure
- Changing Your Tires
- MX Tire Size Markings
- Tires For Desert, Enduro, Hare Scrambles
- Choosing the right size
- Wide Size Benefits
Choosing The Right Tire
Determine the overall track conditions including the starting line
- If the ground is dry and hard to the point where it does not break up when you kick it, you should consider a tire with a hard pack tread pattern like Dunlop’s Geomax MX71.
- If the conditions vary from hard-packed to loose loam, you’ll likely will want an intermediate terrain tire like Dunlop’s MX51F front & MX51 rear or a combination of hard track front & intermediate rear (MX71F & MX51).
- If the ground has a cushion to it, rutted with soft berms, you probably need a soft terrain tire that will penetrate through the loose soil. Dunlop’s MX31 is an excellent choice.
- If the conditions are strictly soft deep sand or mud, you might consider a specialty tire like the New MX11.
- Let the dominant condition dictate your choice after considering the start section.
Don’t be afraid to mix off-road tire patterns front and rear to feel more comfortable.
There are a few key things you should to check before every ride.
- Check air pressure prior to every ride
- Make sure the valve stem has not spun; if it has, deflate tire and re-set
- If riding in a rocky area or track, make sure to look between the knobs for cracks or cuts to the tire carcass
- Check spokes at this time
Proper Inflation Pressure
Proper inflation is key to the life and performance of your tires. Refer to this chart for correct ammounts.
- Hard Conditions: Front / Rear: 11 ~ 12 psi
- Intermediate Conditions: Front / Rear: 11 ~ 12 psi
- Soft Conditions: Front / Rear: 10 ~ 11 psi
- Minis -13 ~ 14 psi
Changing Your Tires
Follow these steps in removing and installing your new tires.
- Lay the rear wheel sprocket side down and the front wheel brake side up
- Remove the valve core and loosen the rim locks
- Stand the wheel up and use the flat side of a tire iron to push the rim locks down, breaking them loose from the tire bead
- Lay the wheel down again and stand on the tire sidewalls with your feet pushing to break the beads loose from the rim. 5. Sometimes a little soapy water at the tire/rim junction helps loosen the beads
- With the brake side of the wheel up, use the spooned end of your tire irons and insert them (2) between the bead and rim. I suggest inserting them on one side of the valve stem or other. Lever one at a time, working your way around the tire in small increments
- After the firs side is removed, push the valve stem into the rim and pull the tube all the way out
- If your wheel has rim locks, remove them before beginning removal of the second bead
- Remove the second bead by inserting a tire iron under the bead of the brake side of the wheel, then lever the tire bead over the rim and push it off
- Clean the bead area of the rim. Check the rim locks, rubber rim strip or tape covering the spoke nipples for damage
- Install one rim lock, lube one bead of the tire. Push down on the top of the tire and insert one side of the wheel and the rim lock into the bottom part of the tire. Begin levering the first bead on.
- Insert the second rim lock if your wheel uses two. Before installing the tube, inflate to make sure there wan no damage done during removal. Check the nut at stem area for tightness and look for cracks in the stem. Leave just enough air in the tube for installing, so the tube holds its shape.
- Apply baby powder to the outside of the tube and inside the tire. This prevents the tube from chafing in use.
- Install the tube in the tire carefully. Starting at the valve stem holes, evenly place the tube inside. Be sure the tube is not bunched up in any area or aught under the rim locks.
- Lube the bead with a mild soap and water solution and push a small section if it under the rim near the stem area. Insert one tire iron and start levering the tire bead on, taking very small bites with each iron. Stick the iron in just far enough past the rim edge being careful not to catch the tube.
- With each bite, check that the bead of both sides of the tire is as far down in the well of the rim as possible.
- After the final bead area is installed, be sure the rim locks and valve stem move freely.
- Inflate the tire and seat both beads. Should the beads not seat properly, do not overinflate. Re-lube the bead areas with soapy solution and re-inflate until seated properly.
- After the tire is fully inflated, let the air out again then re-inflate. This allows the tube to settle inside the tire.
- Tighten the rim locks and adjust the tire pressure.
MX Tire Size Markings
For motocross tires, Dunlop changed to the industry tire standards in the same manner as street tires. However, because of the prior variations in actual dimensions, some adjustments in vehicle application have been necessary.
When motorcycle tire standards for width, diameter and load capacity were introduced a few years ago, they didn’t include motocross tires. As a result, motocross tires varied in dimensions from one manufacturer to another. Most tire manufacturers marked their motocross tires with a size designation that related to tread width.
In current tire standards, the designation for width is actually the section width, measured at the sidewall, not at the tread. This has always applied to street tires. A 4.50-18 street tire, for example, would have a section width of 4.50 inch, and would fit on an 18 inch rim.
When metric tires were introduced, the aspect ratio was included in the size marking. A 130/80-18 street tire had a section width of 130mm, and an aspect ratio of 80 percent. This means that the height of the tire is 80 percent of 130mm. As before, the tire fits on an 18-inch rim.
For motocross tires, Dunlop changed to the industry tire standards in the same manner as street tires. However, because of the prior variations in actual dimensions, some adjustments in vehicle application have been necessary. An off-road machine that previously fitted a 4.50-18 or 130/80-18 under the non-standards markings, now fits a 110/100-18 under the new standards. These tire sizes share the same actual dimensions. A 130/80-18 is 110 mm wide in section width and, furthermore, the section height is also 110 mm or 100-percent aspect ratio. Hence, a 130/80-18 under the new standards markings is designated a 110/100-18.
With the introduction of 19 inch motocross sizes, it was necessary to reduce the aspect ratio in order to maintain the same outside diameter. To compensate for the additional inch in rim diameter (18 inch to 19 inch) fitted to a 250cc machine for example, the size would change from a 110/100-18 to a 110/90-19. The resulting low profile 19 inch tires with shorter sidewalls have provided improved stability performance, while retaining the same outside tire diameter.
Building on the success of the 19 inch rear tire, Dunlop in the mid 1990’s became the first tire manufacturer to develop wider, lower profile motocross rear tires. The technology in the 110/80-19 & 120/80-19 creates a larger footprint for enhance traction and bump absorption. In the late 1990’s, Dunlop introduced a wider 90/100-21 front tire to compliment the rears. In each case, these wider, low-profile tires fit on existing standard-size rim widths, eliminating the need to replace rims.
Tires For Desert, Enduro, Hare Scrambles
Here are some things you should know before buying your next set of desert tires.
Tires for use in desert, enduro and hare scrambles have three things in common: size application, a tread pattern that performs over a wide range of terrains, and a durable tread compound that will stand up to severe service and distance.
Most desert events in the U.S. and Mexico are run under dry conditions. The courses contain rock (large and small) with some tight, twisty trails, but most are hard-to-sandy open trails and roads, and evenly paved section that can be taken at high speeds.
Desert events require a special type of tire:
- The tread compound must resist knob tearing from rocks and provide minimal wear over long periods of time. And, since desert speeds are far greater than those in motocross or enduro events, they must also be able to resist heat buildup.
- The casing construction must resist punctures and optimize stability over a range of speeds.
The tread pattern must resist wear, provide maximum grip, and clean well under a wide variety of conditions.
Desert inflation pressures vary, but generally 14 psi is the minimum and 18 psi is the maximum.
Dunlop offers two excellent desert tires: the D739 Desert A/T rear and the D606 front. Tires for enduro and hare scrambles are similar since both are primarily run in softer, wetter, muddier terrain with slippery rocks and areas with exposed tree roots. Since some areas of these courses can be hard and slippery, the tires must account for this as well. - The tread compound used in these tires must provide an optimum balance between wet and muddy terrain traction and long-wearing durability. - Casing constructions must flex readily for riding over slippery rocks and tree roots, yet provide good puncture resistance. - The tread pattern should clean well, even under the worst conditions, yet offer predictable handling in dry terrain.
Inflation pressures for enduro/hare scrambles vary, but generally 14 psi is a minimum and 18 psi is a maximum.
- Dunlop's Geomax MX71 (Hard terrain) will be a great choice for the courses that are a little more hard packed while the Geomax MX31(Soft Terrain) is an excellent choice for the muddier courses.
Choosing the right size
Refer to this chart when selecting your next tire size.
Wide Size Benefits
Provides a larger footprint for enhanced traction and improved bump absorption.
- Dunlop innovation developed to harness and transmit power to the ground.
- Provides a larger footprint for enhanced traction and improved bump absorption.
- Fits on standard-sized rims.
- How do I select the right replacement tires for my motorcycle?
- At what age is a tire no longer usable?
- Why are the D408F and D407 patterns reversed? What about channeling the water?
- How can I keep my tires from cupping?
- How much run-in should I give a new tire?
- Should I use nitrogen in my tires?
- Can I change my tires from bias ply to radial or vice versa?
- Can I put wider tires on my motorcycle?
- Can I use a car tire on the back of my motorcycle?
- Can I put a rear tire on the front or vice-versa?
- How often should you change the valve stem or tube?
- I participate in Track Days. What inflation pressure should I use?
- Why do motorcycle tires wear out so quickly compared to car tires?
- What is the best way to clean and protect my tires?
- What inflation pressure should I use?
- Is it normal for my tires to build up additional pressure?
- Should I let air out of my tires when they get hot to keep the recommended pressure?
- How often should I check my tires?
- What type of air gauge is best?
- Is the D404 an acceptable replacement tire for use on Harley Davidson models?
- How can I get sponsored?
- Why are some dealers selling the same tires cheaper than others— are they seconds?
- What is the recommended tread depth to replace tires?
- Can I mix MX tread patterns on my bike?
How do I select the right replacement tires for my motorcycle?
The only sure way of doing this is to refer to the approved recommendations of a tire manufacturer or your motorcycle owner's manual.
All reputable tire manufacturers have their own list of approved tires for most motorcycle models. These lists may appear on websites, or in a booklet, and should be available at your motorcycle dealer or parts and accessory shop. Dunlop’s recommendations are available on our website Dunlopmotorcycle.com and in literature distributed at consumer events and at dealerships. The owner's manual will include the original sizes and type of tire. In some cases, an alternative will also be included. Always make sure that the tires recommended for your bike appear in a written form. In other words, don't follow someone's personal recommendation. It is very important, and one rider's preference does not necessarily suit another's. Take the advice of the professionals: the motorcycle or tire manufacturer.
At what age is a tire no longer usable?
Service life is dependent on many variables such as inflation pressure, storage, driving conditions, loads, general maintenance and abuse. Scientific or technical data indicate that a specific minimum or maximum service life cannot be objectively established. It is not appropriate to establish an arbitrary tire removal date based on chronological age due to the wide variety of factors affecting a tire’s service life.
Why are the D408F and D407 patterns reversed? What about channeling the water?
The reason for the front tire change from the D407F pattern to the reversed tread design of the D408F pattern is to help address irregular wear and the associated tire noise and vibration that some riders were experiencing on their FL09 models.
Many Dunlop motorcycle tire patterns have “reversed front patterns” compared to rear, because different forces act on front and rear tires. We test all Dunlop tires for satisfactory wet performance in the direction as indicated on the sidewall. It is important to always mount the tire in the correct direction of rotation as indicated by the arrow on the sidewall.
How can I keep my tires from cupping?
You may not be able to entirely avoid cupping. Tire cupping or irregular wear is a somewhat common occurrence on all vehicles. On a four-wheel vehicle, you are advised to rotate your tires periodically to even out wear. Unfortunately, you do not have this luxury with a motorcycle because front and rear tires, unlike those on most four-wheel vehicles, are not interchangeable.
However, there are steps that can be taken to minimize cupping and uneven wear on a motorcycle: Maintain your motorcycle and particularly your front and suspension. Avoid hard braking whenever possible. Braking causes the tire to grab and wear in one direction. When braking is applied to the front tire, the load transfer over-flexes the tire and increases the tendency for cupping and uneven wear. Maintain your tire pressures. Under inflation and overloading of motorcycle tires are significant causes of cupping and uneven wear, particularly in association with hard braking and/or trailer use.
Once a tire begins to show signs of uneven wear, even following these steps may not improve the condition.
Tire companies can, and are, helping to minimize cupping and uneven wear but you, the rider, must do your part. Following the aforementioned guidelines will help avoid uneven wear.
How much run-in should I give a new tire?
When new tires are fitted, they should not be subjected to maximum power or hard cornering until a reasonable run-in distance of approximately 100 miles has been achieved.
This is necessary for a number of reasons. Replacements for worn tires with different patterns and construction will not react the same. Also, a new tire is stiffer than an old tire. The new tire has a rounder tread profile, different contact patch and "lean-over edge" than the worn profile of an old tire. The new tire will also not react the same in combination with its remaining tire.
Carrying out the required run-in will allow you to become accustomed to the "feel" of the new tires and tire combinations, so you are better able to achieve optimum road grip for use in high speed, high acceleration and handling situations.
Should I use nitrogen in my tires?
Nitrogen is not widely available and provides the same rolling resistance as tires filled with air. Scientific tests on the effect of the use of nitrogen in tires and changes in tire physical properties are inconclusive. In testing, nitrogen tires lost 2/3 as much as air-filled tires, so the benefits are minimal. If you want to maintain the nitrogen, any refills will need to be with nitrogen, not air. That means maintaining your tires becomes less convenient and more costly. The most important tire maintenance function is ensuring correct tire inflation pressure, which is easier using air than nitrogen.
Can I change my tires from bias ply to radial or vice versa?
Bias and radial tires have significantly different dynamic properties. They deflect differently, create different cornering forces, have different damping characteristics, as well as other differences. In order for radial tires to be introduced into the two-wheel market, it was necessary to change certain characteristics of the motorcycle. The introduction of the radial tire led to such things as modified frames, wider wheels, new steering geometries and suspensions. Therefore, it is recommended that a motorcycle be used with the type of tire construction that it came with originally. If a change is to be made, then it should only be done if the motorcycle or tire manufacturer has approved the change. Above all, do not mix bias ply and radial tires on the same motorcycle unless it is with the approval of the motorcycle or tire manufacturer.
Can I put wider tires on my motorcycle?
This is possible in some cases, but again, it should only be done with the approval of the motorcycle or tire manufacturer. When considering wider tires, you must factor in clearance for width and diameter, the effect on stability and handling, along with whether your rim is wide enough. If wider tires are approved for a motorcycle, it is usually permissible to increase by only one size designation. When fitting a larger tire, always allow for some tire growth from the new to used situation. All tires increase in size after they have been inflated and are run for a few hundred miles. In some cases, putting a wider tire onto the same wheel will actually give you less “rubber on the road”, by changing the profile and reducing the contact patch.
Can I use a car tire on the back of my motorcycle?
No. The design of automotive tires and motorcycle tires are very different. The profile of automotive and motorcycle rims are different with a different bead seating area. An automotive tire will not seat properly on a motorcycle rim, making it more susceptible to problems such as rim slip, which can cause balance problems.
Motorcycles are designed specifically with a unique tread profile for leaning over when cornering. Under emergency or extreme maneuvering conditions, an automotive tire on a motorcycle may not allow the bike to handle as it was intended, which can lead to accident, injury or death.
Can I put a rear tire on the front or vice-versa?
Motorcycle tires are designed to work together in front or rear applications due to loading, steering and braking forces. Unless specially designed, you can only use a front on the front and a rear on the rear, following the directional rotation arrows.
How often should you change the valve stem or tube?
Every time you change your tires you should use a new, properly installed valve stem for a tubeless tire or change the tube for a tube type application.
I participate in Track Days. What inflation pressure should I use?
This varies on the model of tire, track conditions and temperature. If tire pressures are adjusted for track use, always remember to reset the inflation pressure back to the recommended street inflation pressure before you leave the track.
Why do motorcycle tires wear out so quickly compared to car tires?
In answering this question, we must first make sure that we are comparing apples to apples. When you think of it, the vast majority of motorcycles are high performance vehicles compared to most cars. Consider that you rarely see a motorcycle with less than ''H'' speed-rated tires. By comparison, the vast majority of cars ride on tires with lower speed ratings. Power-to-weight ratio and speed are big factors with respect to tire wear. Unfortunately, when many people compare mileage, they do so with a family sedan and a much higher-performance motorcycle.
Another significant factor in this comparison is the size of the tire contact footprint. In the case of a car, the footprint is much larger and there are four, not two tires contacting the pavement. You must keep in mind that virtually the entire width of the relatively flat tread of a car is in contact with the road all of the time. A car remains upright, even when cornering. This results in a much smaller contact footprint for a motorcycle tire. High power-to-weight ratio, speed, size of footprint and other aspects explain why motorcycle tires wear out quicker than car tires.
To obtain the best mileage from your motorcycle tires, observe the following guidelines: obey the speed limit; avoid quick acceleration and hard braking; maintain recommended tire pressures; and do not overload your bike or tow a trailer.
What is the best way to clean and protect my tires?
Use a mild soap solution to clean your sidewalls, white striping or lettering, and rinse off with plain water. Never use protectants, cleaners or dressings to enhance your tire appearance. These may degrade the rubber and remove the inherent ozone cracking/weather checking resistance.
What inflation pressure should I use?
Maintain tire inflation and load in accordance with your motorcycle owner’s manual, tire information placard and restrictions molded into the tire sidewall. The pressure noted on the sidewall of the tire is a maximum for that tire and may not match the recommended pressure for your motorcycle. The pressure noted on the sidewall of the tire is a maximum for that tire and may not match the recommended pressure for your motorcycle. So always follow the tire manufacturer’s or motorcycle manufacturer’s inflation pressure recommendation.
All pressures should be set cold—that is, before the bike is ridden.
Is it normal for my tires to build up additional pressure?
Yes. Under most riding conditions, the pressure will increase due to heat build-up from the tire and from environmental conditions. This is normal, and the pressure should not be adjusted while the tire is hot.
Should I let air out of my tires when they get hot to keep the recommended pressure?
No. Air expands as it gets warmer and will raise the tire air pressure. Do not adjust the pressure down while the tire is hot or has been ridden recently.
How often should I check my tires?
Checking tires regularly is the most important maintenance function you can perform. At least once a week, and daily when on a trip, check and maintain the correct inflation pressure and visually inspect the tire all the way around for any signs of damage.
What type of air gauge is best?
A good quality gauge that holds its reading, is easy to use and you will use often. Gauges do wear out and should be checked annually to ensure accuracy.
Is the D404 an acceptable replacement tire for use on Harley Davidson models?
The D404 is not meant to be used on Harley Davidson motorcycles. In many cases the D404 does not have the load carrying capacity for use on Harley Davidson motorcycles. Most D404 tires are intended for lighter, cruising motorcycles and are constructed for use on those bikes. D404 tires are bias tires, not bias belted, and do not have additional supporting plies.
Motorcycle tires differ from each other in their size, their load carrying capacity, internal construction and the intended type of use. For example, tires for sport riding compared to tires for long distance touring may have different compounds, constructions and tread patterns.
Always fit the correct tires to your motorcycle, and for Harley Davidson motorcycles, never fit a D404.
How can I get sponsored?
Off-Road Sponsorship (All Amateurs - youth/adult both MX & ATV) Submit request for consideration through www.Hookit.com for the appropriate discipline (motorcycle or ATV)
Road Race Sponsorship (All) Submit resume for consideration to Erion Racing or Race Tire Service (RTS) @ www.dunlopracing.com
Why are some dealers selling the same tires cheaper than others— are they seconds?
No. Dunlop does not sell seconds or blemished tires. Dealers are free to set their own pricing.
What is the recommended tread depth to replace tires?
Always remove the tires from service before they reach the treadwear indicator bars (1/32 of an inch tread pattern depth remaining). Worn/unworn tire combinations and worn tires used in wet conditions can result in deteriorated handling and can lead to accident, injury or death.
Can I mix MX tread patterns on my bike?
Yes! Use the different models of tire for different off-road conditions and riding preferences.
- WHAT IS WARRANTIED
- REPLACEMENT COSTS
- WHAT IS NOT COVERED
- OWNER OBLIGATIONS
- FOR REPLACEMENT CONSIDERATION
- LEGAL RIGHTS
WHAT IS WARRANTIED
Every new Dunlop original-equipment motorcycle tire that becomes unserviceable within six years or 72 months of the date of manufacture for conditions other than those which are listed under “WHAT IS NOT COVERED” will be replaced on the basis specified under “REPLACEMENT COST” below.
This warranty is extended to the first retail purchaser of the tire or the motorcycle fitted with original equipment.
UP TO 50% WORN
If, during the first fifty percent (50%) of tread wear, the tire becomes unserviceable for a condition covered by this warranty, it will be replaced with a comparable new Dunlop tire. You pay only for retailer services, such as mounting and balancing.
AFTER 50% TREAD WEAR
If, after the first fifty percent (50%) of tread wear, the tire becomes unserviceable for a condition covered by this warranty, your Dunlop motorcycle tire retailer will replace it with a comparable new Dunlop tire at a cost calculated in the following manner:
- Either your original buying price substantiated by invoice, or the retailer’s current selling price, times (x)
- Fifty percent (50%)
- Plus (+) all applicable federal excise taxes, and local taxes and all charges for retailer services such as mounting and balancing.
A CASH REFUND WILL NOT BE EXTENDED IN LIEU OF THE ABOVE.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED
- Tires worn beyond the last one thirty-second of an inch (1/32”) of original tread depth. Beyond this point, the tire has delivered its original tread life and there is no warranty regardless of its age or mileage.
- Tires submitted for unserviceability before wear-out (1/32” tread depth remaining), but more than 72 months after the week of manufacture as determined by the US Department of Transportation serial identification number.
- Tires submitted for nonuniformity or any ride-related condition that are worn beyond the first 25% of useable tread depth.
- Tires on motorcycles normally operated outside the U.S. and Canada.
- Tires used in racing, other competitions or in excess of legal speed limits.
- Highway-type tires used for off-the-road service or in any application not recommended by the motorcycle manufacturer.
- Tires used on motorcycles fitted with trailers.
- Claims made by anyone other than the first retail purchaser of the tire.
- Tubeless tires fitted without innertubes to rims requiring innertubes.
- Tires molded or branded “tube type” fitted without innertubes.
- Tires fitted with used, damaged or incorrect size innertubes. Note: New replacement tires should always be fitted with new tubes for safety.
- Radial tires fitted with tubes not marked with matching size or radial (R) designation
- Tires improperly repaired, with section repairs, or whose sidewalls have been modified by the addition or removal of material. Tires that have been retreaded, regrooved, altered in the tread or any other area. The serviceability of any repaired/retreaded/altered tire is entirely the responsibility of the person making the repair or modification.
- Tires injected with dry/liquid balancers or sealants, or in which anything other than air has been used as the supporting medium.
- The consequences of new tires or repaired tires not being subjected to a proper “run-in/break-in”.
- Tires rendered unserviceable by road hazard–type damage such as impact breaks, punctures, cuts or snags; or as a result of an obstruction on the motorcycle, fire, corrosives, running while flat, misalignment, improperly maintained balance, suspension deficiencies, improper inflation, overloading, improper mounting or rim fitment; or by spinning, as in mud, snow, sand, on ice or during on-the-motorcycle balancing or dynamometer testing.
- Ozone cracking/weather checking for tires treated with dressings or incompatible cleaning agents or submitted more than 48 months after manufacture.
- There is no warranty for any specific mileage achievement.
You are responsible for proper tire care, lawful and prudent motorcycle operation. Maintain tire inflation and load in accordance with motorcycle owner’s manual, tire information, placard and restrictions molded on the tire sidewalls. Check inflation pressure frequently with a tire gauge and inspect for damage or irregular wear.
FOR REPLACEMENT CONSIDERATION
- You should present the tire to the retailer from whom you bought the tire or, if the Dunlop tire in question was fitted as original equipment, to the retailer from whom you bought the motorcycle. Except for mail-order tires, you may also submit your tire to any other retailer selling Dunlop motorcycle tires. Should you be unable to contact any of those retailers, please contact the Dunlop Motorcycle Tire Sales office at 800-845-8378.
- A mail order tire must be returned to the company from which you ordered it, and you must pay all associated shipping and handling costs.
- Except for tires that become unserviceable during the first 50% of tread wear, you must pay the previously specified 50% replacement cost.
- You must pay the difference in retailer’s price for any more expensive replacement tire of different design.
- You must pay all applicable taxes and any charges for retailer services.
NO IMPLIED OR EXPRESS WARRANTIES, EITHER OF MERCHANTABILITY OR OTHERWISE, ARE EXTENDED BEYOND THE TIME WHEN THE TIRE HAS DELIVERED ITS ORIGINAL TREAD LIFE AS SHOWN BY TREAD WEAR TO ONE THIRTY-SECOND OF AN INCH (1/32”). EXCEPT FOR THE EXPRESS WARRANTIES SET FORTH IN THIS ”LIMITED WARRANTY,” ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, CONDITIONS, REPRESENTATIONS, PROMISES, GUARANTEES, COVENANTS OR COLLATERAL AGREEMENTS, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATING TO THE TIRE OR ANY SERVICES PROVIDED IN RELATION THERETO ARE EXCLUDED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, DUNLOP SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR (1) ANY COMMERCIAL LOSS, (2) ANY DAMAGE TO, OR LOSS OF, PROPERTY OTHER THAN THE TIRE ITSELF, OR (3) ANY OTHER TYPE OF INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY CAUSE WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE.
SOME STATES IN THE US DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, OR THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS THAT VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN CANADA, LEGISLATION IN SOME PROVINCES PROVIDES FOR CERTAIN ADDITIONAL WARRANTIES OR REMEDIES OTHER THAN AS STATED HEREIN, AND TO THE EXTENT THAT THE SAME MAY NOT BE WAIVED, THE LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS SET ABOVE MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS. YOU ALSO MAY HAVE OTHER RIGHTS THAT VARY FROM PROVINCE TO PROVINCE.
No dealer, distributor, or representative has authority to make any statement, commitment, promise or agreement binding upon Dunlop, except as stated herein, or except for any statement made binding upon Dunlop by any applicable law.